What is Motivational Interviewing?
Motivational interviewing is a client-centered, directive counseling approach that is designed to help individuals resolve ambivalence and increase their motivation to change behaviors that may be harmful or problematic. This approach was developed by William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick in the early 1980s, and it is commonly used in the treatment of addictive behaviors, such as substance abuse and compulsive gambling, as well as in other areas of healthcare.
Motivational interviewing involves several key principles, including:
Expressing Empathy: The therapist expresses empathy for the client’s perspective, including any ambivalence or resistance to change.
Developing Discrepancy: The therapist helps the client recognize discrepancies between their current behavior and their values or goals.
Rolling with Resistance: The therapist avoids argumentation and instead “rolls with” the client’s resistance, acknowledging that the client has the right to make their own choices.
Supporting Self-Efficacy: The therapist encourages the client’s belief in their own ability to change and succeed.